Spice & Herbs Manufacturing
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Introduction

When the traditional manual spice preparation is mechanized, the technology will be handed to the next generation. Installing a Drying Facility consists of the following steps: The company desires to install close loop type air conditioning model dryers that are fitted with ozone treatment, as opposed to the usual drying methods. The technology contained within the dryer ensures that spices retain their original flavor, aroma, and consistency in chemical composition while being completely free of contamination.

It is anticipated that a commercial processing system will be established as an extension to the present business in order to meet the ever-increasing demand. The method that will be developed will ensure that spices and herbs retain their original flavor, aroma, and consistency in chemical composition while being free of contamination and microbiological concerns such as E.coli and salmonella. The proposed machinery list and its intended use are detailed in the table below.

The company desires to install close loop type air conditioning model dryers that are fitted with an ozone treatment, as opposed to the usual drying methods. The technology contained within the dryer ensures that spices retain their original flavor, aroma, and consistency in chemical composition while being completely free of contamination.

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Machinery Required for Micro Level Spice & Herbs Manufacturing Plant and Their Purpose

NoEquipmentDetails
1Pepper Thresher| Seed RemoverThis is used to remove green pepper seeds from peppercorns. With this machine, the contamination of removing seeds from peppercorns can be reduced.
2DecorticatorA decorticator is a machine for stripping the skin, bark, or rind off nuts, wood, plant stalks, grain, etc., in preparation for further processing. The outer layer of pepper fruit is rubbed off as pepper fruit moves through the circular cylinder, water is sprayed inside the circular sieve in small quantities for lubrication and thus green/black layer is discharged out from the flat holes of the circular screen, white/polished pepper comes out of the point without any physical damage. With the proposed machine 250-300 kg/hr can be processed. With this machine, the processor can keep the consistence quality of the seed and will improve the volume that can be processed. 
3Ginger|Turmeric Washing MachineThe surface of ginger/turmeric is rough with deep wrinkles, small holes, and slits. General washing machine is not easy to wash ginger. The proposed fresh ginger/turmeric washing machine has a new technology of high-pressure spraying, which can effectively remove surface contaminants (such as pesticides, insects, soil, dirt, etc.) without compromising the quality of the material. The ginger/turmeric washing machine uses a high-pressure spray method. The upper part of the washing machine is equipped with a nozzle with a high-pressure spray head, which performs high-pressure water cleaning under the action of the pump. High-pressure water flow and air bubbles will bind and clean the ginger surface to complete the final washing work.
4SteamerA turmeric/Ginger boiling system based on the conventional boiling technique had been developed to retain curcumin content up to the highest possible level and reduce the cooking time. The whole system consists of a steam generation unit and a blanching vessel. The blanching vessel was modified to the mobile boiling vessel which consists of a steam inlet, turmeric holding body (100 kg), safety valve, pressure release valve, pressure and temperature gauge, condenser, steam distribution unit having a center-mounted perforated pipe with blinded end to distribute the steam uniformly throughout the vessel and vessel holding stand with wheels. The blanching time, drying rate, drying time, and heat utilization factor were quantified. The cooking time under the developed vessel for turmeric was found to be 10 min compared to 15 min under the parboiling drum and 25 min under open steaming used by the processor.
5Ginger Turmeric Cutting Machine Proposed machinery and process parameters were optimized for better slicing efficiency. The cutting cum slicing machine was developed to meet the requirement of small-scale entrepreneurs and also the farmers who are interested to set up their own rural level low-capacity processing plant with a low initial investment for the preparation of processed products. The slicing machine has centrifugal action and consists of a hollow drum with beaters, a stationary blade, and a rotor plate. The capacity of the machine, breakage percentage and slicing efficiency were studied for ginger. The performance of the developed turmeric slicer was found to be satisfactory, and the machine was found to be techno-economically feasible for the entrepreneur. Slicing these products will reduce the drying time as well.
6Bubble WasherThe bubble washing machine is designed for materials with high shape requirements. It is suitable for cleaning and soaking granular, leafy, and rhizome products such as ginger & turmeric. This equipment has the characteristics of high cleanliness, energy saving, and water saving. And stable and reliable equipment under the combined work of air bubbles, surfing, lifting, spraying, and brushing. The rinsed water is filtered and recycled, it is self-contained and easy to connect. It can produce 250-450 kg/hr.
7DryerHeat pump tray- cabinet dryer designs are well suited to spice, herbs, vegetables, and fruit processing and have special features such as an open-cycle – compact design, very high energy efficiency, a control unit with an LED touch screen, and drying cycle can be programmed into multiple period/steps with specified temperature and humidity for improved product quality.  Total tray area is 600sqft & capacity is 400-700 kg/day.
8GrinderThis food-grade grinder made out of SS material can make fine powder and pieces by changing blades. Both spice powder and TBC will make by using this grinder. Per hour 25-30 Kg can be produced.
9Winnowing MachineThis machine is used to grade pepper according to its weight. An average of 500kg/hr can be produced. Food-grade material has been used to make this machine.
10Vibrating ShifterThis machine is used after the grinding machine to make TBC. All pieces segregate according to different sizes as per the customers’ requirements can be made by using this. Food-grade material has been used to make this machine. Per hour 200-400kg can be made from this machine.
11Weighing & FillingAfter finished products are made, this machine has to be used to weigh the product as per the pack size and fill the finished products as per the pack size. This is also made with food-grade materials, and this will increase the efficiency of production of the firm. 15-35 packs can be packed per minute.
12Bottle SterilizerThis is to sterilize all the bottles before filling the finished product. To keep the food safety standard and hygienic conditions and avoid any contamination this must be fixed in the production process. Per batch 40Lt can be loaded to this machine.
13Vacuum SealerOnce the finished product is produced, a vacuum packing machine will be used to suck all air in the packs, and this will avoid any chemical reaction and contamination such as developing fungi. This is most recommended by EU & USA buyers.1-4 packs can be packed per minute by using this machine. 
14Bottle SealerAll bottle products will be packed with this machine. After filling products in a sterilized bottle the lid of the bottle will be fixed by using this machine. 60-80 bottles can be sealed with this machine.
15RO PlantRO plant is used to enhance water purity to wash raw material before drying. With purified water (TDS level below 5) microbes such as E.coli& salmonella can be removed from the products.  The capacity of this plant is 250Lt /hr.
16Water TankThis is to store water to wash raw material before drying.  The capacity of the tank is 2000 Lt.
17SS TableThis is an accessory to be used during production for cutting and packing purposes and is made out of SS material (8×4).
Proposed Machinery List and Their Intended Uses

Machinery List for Micro Level Spice & Herbs Manufacturing Plant

  • 01 Pepper Thresher
  • Decorticator
  • Ginger|Turmeric Washing Machine
  • Steamer| Extractor
  • Ginger |Turmeric Cutting Machine
  • Bubble Washer
  • Dryer
  • SS Grinder
  • Winnowing Machine
  • Vibrating Shifter
  • Weighing & Filling
  • Bottle Sterilizer
  • Industrial Vacuum Sealer
  • Bottle Sealer
  • RO Plant
  • Water Tank
  • SS Table

This graphic depicts the method of fixing/process flow chart of the planned production facility, which is depicted below. This cutting-edge and revolutionary technique is the key to successfully entering the EU and USA markets without contaminating them or introducing microbiological difficulties like E.coli and Salmonella, which are unavoidable in the majority of processing plants. This can be accomplished by utilizing a RO plant and purchasing all spices and herbs in their raw form, allowing the company to maintain complete control over the process. The water purity (TDS Level) should be less than 5 percent, which is the secret to being revealed. TDS (total dissolved solids) is the concentration of dissolved particles or solids in water that is intended for usage. The higher the total dissolved solids (TDS) content, the more difficult it is to consume water without treatment. These dissolved substances may be harmful to your health and must be removed from the water before it can be consumed.

Water purity (TDS Level) should be less than 5 percent, which is the secret to be revealed. This can be accomplished by utilizing a RO plant and purchasing all spices and herbs in their raw form. These dissolved substances may be harmful to your health and must be removed.

Ethical Legend

Process Flow Chart for Micro Level Spice & Herbs Manufacturing Plant

Spice $ Herbs Production Flow Chart
Spice $ Herbs Production Flow Chart

List of Machinery Required for Micro Level Spice & Herbs Manufacturing Plant

The following table contains a list of the machinery that is required. There are numerous suppliers all over the world, the majority of whom are involved in the production of large-scale machinery. If you want to purchase small-scale machinery, you should consult with providers.

Name of M& ESuppliersCapacity|KgDay Production|KgPurpose of Use
Decorticatorudayaindustries.lk250-350/hr2000-2500kgTo remove pepper seed from corn
Pepper Seed Removerudayaindustries.lk250-300/Kg2000KgTo remove outer layer of green pepper
Ginger/Turmeric Washing Plantudayaindustries.lk500Kg/Hr3000-3500KgTo sand and soil from raizome
SteamerDiscussed with manufacturer.India having many suppliers.50-70Kg/Hr500-700KgTo steam ginger & turmeric
Ginger& Turmeric Cutting Machineudayaindustries.lk100-200/Kg500-700KgTo slice ginger & turmeric for drying
RO Plantdir.indiamart.com250lt/hr2000Lt To purify water/make TDS water
Water TanksAny hardware store.To use for washing
Bubble Washingdir.indiamart.com250-450hr1500-2000kgTo wash with TDS water
DryerBuy from Amazone400-700/3-8 hr400-700kgTo dry all products
Industrial GrinderBuy from Amazone50-70Kg/Hr500-700KgTo make powder & TBC
Vibrating Shifterdir.indiamart.com400Kg/Hr1000-1200KgTo make TBC
Powder Packing/Weighing & Fillingdir.indiamart.com5-10 packs/Min750-1200packsTo weigh & fill to packs
Winnowing Machinedir.indiamart.com500Kg/Hr1500-2000KgTo grade spices & Herbs
Vacuum PackBuy from Amazon1-4 per min750-1200PacksTo vacuum pack final products
Bottle Sterilizerdir.indiamart.comAccessoryAccessoryTo sterilize bottles before filling
Bottle SealerBuy from AmazonAccessoryAccessoryTo seal bottles after filling
Packing & Cutting TableBuy from AmazonAccessoryAccessoryTo use for packing
Machinery for Micro Level Spice & Herbs Manufacturing Plant

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