Cocoa Pods
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What is Cacao?

The cacao tree (also called Theobroma Cacao) is grown in tropical climates across the globe. These trees produce a fruit which is the cacao pod that grows on the branches and trunk of the tree. Most of you may see cacao pods around your own inheritance. However, if any one of you has not seen what it looks like, then it’s like below. The next time you see it to your naked eye, then you may know this miracle fruit which produces the world’s most popular taste i.e. “CHOCOLATE”

Cocoa Beans
Cocoa Beans

How to Grow & Harvest Cacao

Interestingly, the pods aren’t ripening simultaneously. They also grow in different colors and shapes depending on the variety of the plant. So, it takes a certain level of expertise in harvesting the pods at the correct time. To harvest the pods, a machete is used to remove them from the tree without damaging the tree’s flowers. This ensures more pods can continue to grow.

Cocoa Beans
Cocoa beans on the old wooden background

How to Make Chocolate from Coco Beans

Step 01 | Separating

The first step in the process of making chocolate is to open the cacao pod. When doing this at home I find it easiest to hit the shell with something like a wooden muddler or hammer.

Cacao Fruit
Cacao Fruit

Step 02 | Fermenting The Cacao Beans

1) Once you cut open the cacao pods, you’ll see the cacao beans, which are covered in a viscous white ‘mucilage’ coating. Once the beans are exposed to oxygen, the fermentation process can begin. Adding vinegar and east can accelerate the fermenting of the CACAO beans.

2) And it needs to be placed somewhere warm between 40-50ºC. This can be helped by placing them next to a heat source or even placing a hot water bottle within the container you use, better use plastic or a cool box.

3) As the beans ferment the white layer will break down into a juice so it’s a good idea to drain this once per day (or twice if possible) and mix the beans. This process takes around 5 days but can take slightly longer depending on the heat, humidity, and individual beans.

Split Fermented Cocoa Pod with Shell
Split Fermented Cocoa Pod with Shell

Step 03 | Roasting The Beans

1) Before roasting the beans, you’ll first need to remove any beans that are broken and/or smell moldy, etc.

2) Then, lay the beans in a single layer on a parchment-lined oven tray/s. You can roast the beans whole and then peel them.

3) When using a regular oven roast the beans in the oven at between 250-300 Fahrenheit for one and half hours for a fairly light roast

Caution:-During the end of the roasting step (if roasting as whole beans), air pockets will escape the beans, making popping sounds – this is normal. When they’re almost done, you may also smell a ‘brownie’ smell. The husk should also come off the beans easily. 

Raw Cacao Beans with Cacao Powder
Raw Cacao Beans with Cacao Powder

Step 04 | Cracking & Winnowing

1) Do this with all of the beans putting the shells in a separate bowl from the beans (nibs).

2) Next, break the beans down into individual nibs. You can do this by hand or place all the beans into a bag and bash with a rolling pin.

Caution: – These cacao nibs can now be eaten as is or further processed into chocolate.

Crushed Cacao Beans
Crushed Cacao Beans

Step 05 | Grinding & Conching

With a Grinder

Add the nibs in small portions to the grinder and grind them into a paste. The cacao butter will start to extract from the nibs (similar to when making nut butter), and the powder will become wetter and more paste-like.

With a High-Speed Blender

1) First, blend the beans into a powder until the point they are just starting to look slightly wet. Then, transfer them to the microwave for 20-30 seconds (depending on how powerful your microwave is). This will help to encourage the extraction of cacao butter.

2) Finally, add the nibs back to the blender and process them into a paste.

At this point, no matter which method you used, you can add powdered sugar (never liquid!) to your grinder/blender.

Caution: – If you grind the beans as they are now then you will end up with something that looks similar to cocoa powder.

Caution: – If you’re using a grinder, it’s still a good idea to pre-grind the nibs into smaller pieces.

Caution: – when you want to prepare dark chocolate you need to add coconut oil or extra cacao butter to the past, in this step.

Caution: – To make milk chocolate, you just need to add powder milk (or powdered coconut milk for vegan chocolate). This would be added when you add sugar to the chocolate

Hand Holding Roasted Cocoa Beans
Hand Holding Roasted Cocoa Beans

Step 06 | Temper the Chocolate

Tempering chocolate is the process of strategically raising and lowering the temperature of the chocolate to form a specific crystal structure. Once tempered, this yields shiny, glossy or you can just toss it in the freezer.

Caution: – If properly done the process of tempering the chocolate. It comes out nice snapping sound when breaking the chocolate slab.

Smudging Melted Chocolate on Marble Board
Smudging Melted Chocolate on Marble Board

Step 07 | Molding the Chocolate

Finally, it’s time to pour the chocolate into your mold of choice to set it into the final chocolate product.

Melted Chocolate in a Pot
Melted Chocolate in a Pot

This is the way we know how to make chocolate. If you are also interested to test it, just follow the steps. You will be able to make your own chocolate with your kids. Even if it is not made properly, try till you get the correct recipe. The whole process experiment would definitely enable you to produce your own “Chocolate Recipe”. If anyone is able to make their own chocolate, just let us know. That’s our ultimate joy in writing this sort of article.

If you need to know about the “Health Benefit of Dark Chocolate”, you can read it from here free of charge and clarify any doughts about its health benefits.

Where to Buy Dark Chocolate🍫

Here are a few items that you can buy from Amazon. If you purchase from the below links, we get a small commission from Amazon which help us to keep writing good content like this for the global community.

Dark Chocolate – Books

If you want to read more about Dark Chocolate, you can buy the below items from Amazon. If you purchase a book from the below links we get a small commission from Amazon and it helps me to keep writing good content like this for the Global community.

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